Also, according to comments in various post war publications in interviews with German military officials, Von Rundstedt was the most respected officer in all of the German military including the Navy and Luftwaffe, that is why Hitler rehired him several times after firing him. Rate. Book review: What motivated German people during WWII? After World War I, the morale of the German people is best described as "bottomed-out" or, perhaps more descriptively, "bankrupt". 3 Ar-234 aircraft are shot down before 129 He-162 aircraft intercept, 38 of the Hurricane II fighters are shot down with only 2 He-162 aircraft loss. Repeatedly Polish, Dutch, Belgian, French, and British forces successfully counter-attacked, held strong on defense, or even overran German forces, but were repeatedly defeated due to air superiority, heavy attrition, or a planning or logistical failure. 3. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. Rate. Music as morale During the Second World War, “music was a huge morale booster,” said Jonathan Vance, a Western University war historian and specialist on the 1939-45 home front. The impact of the destruction was felt by both German soldiers and civilians alike: Of course, the impact of bombing was not confined to the home front, but began to affect military morale. During WWII, Allied forces used strategic bombing and radio propaganda to undermine German morale. While some fighting did occur between France and Germany, Germany was still able to project most of its armored forces into Poland. 'END OF THE WORLD': WW2 bombing commemorated in Dresden Back to video In a mission to destroy civilian morale even though the war was nearly over, British planes pounded Dresden with a lethal mix of explosive and incendiary bombs on the night of Feb. 13. Erich Raeder was a German naval leader who commanded the German Navy from 1928 to 1943, serving the democratic Weimar Republic government for five years and Adolph Hitler's Nazi government for fifteen. Disclaimer: The tokens included in this purchase allow for normal games of Battlegroup and those using the Fall of the Reich supplement. And if one counts Germany's allied armies (Romania, Austria etc.) Overall, the key to German success in 1939 and 1940 was the superiority of the Luftwaffe, not the Heer (army). Background: By summer 1943, Goebbels had trouble finding German victories to use in making propaganda. German opinion no longer displays, either at the level of the masses or among the privileged classes, that uniformity which has hitherto characterised it, and which may be regarded as the hallmark of a successful totalitarian state. In fact, the initial attempt to overrun Warsaw failed, which resulted in a siege having to take place, which lasted til almost the very end of the actual Battle of Poland. At the end of 1916, Robert Nivelle became Commander-in-Chief of the French Army. The German army first encountered the Einsatzgruppen in Poland in 1939, to the consternation of some generals. Feb 17, 2017 - Explore Larry Bradley's board "Achtung, sturmpioniere! By Nov. 1944 even before mass surrender of German Troops the Western Allies had killed approximately 320,000 German troops and held another 330,000 as POW. Honors Theses.Paper 17. i ABSTRACT This paper examines how both the Army as an organization and its small unit leaders attempted to maintain the soldiers’ morale in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. However there are probably revisionists who will point to other factors. One-half of one percent (305,000) of Germans were killed by bombing and 1 percent (780,000) were injured. These establishments were sometimes set up via existing brothels which they took over in the West, but generally organized as new, especially in the East. An account I've read was that of a major (or colonel) captured by the German tank spearhead. 5. Eighth Army reaches the Mareth Line in Tunisia, 1st March 1943: Bomber Command revisit Berlin. Rate. On April 29, a unit at Châlons-sur-Marne refused to take orders. But in WWII, German rations needed to provide an efficient and nutritious way of feeding troops, as well as the civilian … 8. German propaganda has found it necessary to combat the idea that an arrangement with Soviet Russia is possible. 7.7. Gavin at … by Crystal Ponti May 17, 2017 tended to downplay their impact and the number of deaths. The home front became a changing landscape as the war progressed. From the moment the leaders of the victorious Allied nations arrived in France for … The Bombing Campaign and the German Home Front. Refugees. They also implied a difference of opinion between those prominent people who had hoped to patch up a peace with Russia and those who wished to obtain a compromise peace with the Western Powers. #Going on leave and the morale of the German troops "Christmas in an enemy country: Belgium 1915." During WWII, 'Rumor Clinics' Were Set Up to Dispel Morale-Damaging Gossip Copy Link Facebook Twitter Reddit Flipboard Pocket Boston Herald assistant publisher W.G. What about lack of effective air support / holding enemy air support in check with fighters etc? News Germany: WW2 bomb forces hospital evacuation. One could even argue that the Wehrmacht's casualty totals after 1943 are in large part the result of the advantage of being on defense for the remainder of the war. Instead of breaking the German lines, he broke his own men’s morale. I was under the impression that the Luftwaffe underperformed during the war, and may be considered one of the reasons for the Nazi downfall. Rate. Here, he suggests that morale can be of more importance than weapons. During the Polish invasion, the Battle of the Bzura, a Polish counterattack actually pushed the Germans back several kilometers with heavy losses. At the Battle of Gembloux, the French repeatedly held off German attacks, but could not sustain the losses ultimately (though it did allow the British and French to evacuate to England). The statement that Germany inflicted greater casualties on all allied armies is dubious at best. Repeatedly Polish, Dutch, Belgian, French, and British forces successfully counter-attacked, held strong on defense, or even overran German forces, but were repeatedly defeated due to air superiority, heavy attrition, or a planning or logistical failure. 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