ACE has vasoactive and aldosterone-activated effects and plays an important role in maintaining fluid balance and blood pressure stability. Comparison of the VD group and the Sham group identified 34 DEPs, among which 22 were up-regulated and 12 were down-regulated. The seeds start germinating while still attached to the tree, but the embryo stays within the fruit until fruit fall. Ju-Ying Hsiao in Fl. ... Next taxon: Avicennia marina var. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Flowering, pollination and reproductive phenology of the tree, Avicennia marina (Grey mangrove), were examined on the south-east coast of Australia in New South Wales. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. The mixture was sonicated three times on ice via a high-intensity ultrasonic processor. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Species The species name, germinans, is the Latin term for germination. However, according to a recent study (Alpua and Kisa 2019), caspase-cleaved keratin 18 (CCCK-18) can be used as a prognostic biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease. (2013). Then, 50 mM of DTT solution was added to each sample, which was then placed in a sterile incubator for 30 min at 56 °C. These studies have helped to further elucidate the underlying mechanisms of marinoid J in ameliorating changes in overall protein levels in VD. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. Porphyridium purpureum has been utilized in important industrial and pharmaceutical fields. To date, there have been a large number of reports on the application of proteomic technology for exploring the pathogenesis of cerebrovascular diseases. Palmer & Pitman, Trees Southern Africa 3 : 1971, photo facing p. 1956, photo p. 1972 & 1974, fig. Patients with decreased levels of CD34+ cells display significant worsening in neurologic function; hence, levels of circulating CD34+ cells have prognostic value for neural function (Taguchi et al. 2006). SYT2 is the major isoform expressed at the neuromuscular junction, and previous studies have shown that Syt2 knockout mice show markedly reduced calcium-evoked neurotransmitter release (Pang et al. 21 (1992). australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. Sinai, Norfolk Is., As such, the VD-induced increase in CD34 expression that we observed may indicate enhanced angiogenesis following VD. Full text of "Antibacterial Activity Rhizophora stylosa and Avicennia marina of Mangrove Fruit Extraction on Vibriosis of Mangrove Crab Larvae (Scylla Serrata Forsskal)" See other formats Kenya, A previous study (Whittaker et al. Vierh. MIM, Deurne. Xiang-xi Yi, Jia-yi Li, Zhen-zhou Tang, Shu Jiang, Yong-hong Liu, Jia-gang Deng, Cheng-hai Gao, Marinoid J, a phenylglycoside from Avicennia marina fruit, ameliorates cognitive impairment in rat vascular dementia: a quantitative iTRAQ proteomic study , Pharmaceutical Biology, 10.1080/13880209.2020.1837187, 58, 1, (1211-1220), (2020). We examined the levels of MDA and NO, as well as the activities of GSH-Px and SOD, in the brains of VD rats. (Acanthaceae), have been used in folk medicine for contraception and treatment of abscesses and diarrhoea (Shao et al. resinifera fruit. In severe cases, ‘brain failure syndrome’ may occur. TRP pathway members are widely expressed, can be activated through many different mechanisms, and play important roles in various cellular functions. 2013). Saudi Arabia, Fruits on the Gray Mangrove (Avicennia marina var resinifera) Mangroves at the intersection of Port River and Westlakes, Port Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia: Date: 3 … The morphologies of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region were observed and examined under a light microscope (Jia et al. resinifera fruit. Adult male Sprague–Dawley rats, weighing 240 ± 10 g, were purchased from Guangxi Medical University (SCXK Gui 2014-0002; Guangxi, China). Marinoid J played a role in protecting hippocampal neurons by regulating a set of proteins that influence oxidative stress and apoptosis, this effect may thereby alleviate the symptoms of VD rats. Ultramar [in Mendonça, Contrib. The main enriched pathways were the transient receptor potential pathway (TRP) (ko04750) (Figure S3) and the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-receptor for AGE signalling pathway (ko04933) (Figure S4). The ‘Avicennia Marina’ is not as rare as many of the ‘Rhizophora’ or ‘Bruguiera’ types are. Solomon Is., Estud. We found that several proteins related to amino acid transport, neural tube formation, vascular development, energy metabolism, and signalling pathways showed differential expression in the hippocampus of VD rats treated with marinoid J compared to those in sham rats treated with saline. Christmas I., Herbarium Catalogue (6 records) Date … They found a significant loss of SYT2, which implicates that it could be a synaptic marker of cognitive decline in neurodegenerative diseases. Avicennia marina subsp. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Avicennia marina, és una espècie d'arbre manglar classificada científicament dins la família Acanthaceae (anteriorment dins les Verbenaceae o les Avicenniaceae).Com els altres manglars es presenta en les zones entremarees dels estuaris. MS/MS with a reverse database connection was searched in the UniProt database (http://www.uniprot.org/). resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. Avicennia marina var. 1997). In the present study, we found that marinoid J treatment promoted the expression of ACE. Sulawesi, New antioxidative secondary metabolites from the fruits of a Beibu Gulf mangrove, Proteolytic activation of protein kinase C delta by an ICE/CED 3-like protease induces characteristics of apoptosis, Circulating endothelial progenitor cells, vascular function, and cardiovascular risk, Lipoxin A4 methyl ester alleviates vascular cognition impairment by regulating the expression of proteins related to autophagy and ER stress in the rat hippocampus, Angiotensin-(1-7) modulates renin-angiotensin system associated with reducing oxidative stress and attenuating neuronal apoptosis in the brain of hypertensive rats, Keratin 18 and heat-shock protein in chronic kidney disease, Presynaptic release probability and readily releasable pool size are regulated by two independent mechanisms during posttetanic potentiation at the calyx of Held synapse, (S)-Oxiracetam is the active ingredient in oxiracetam that alleviates the cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats, Edaravone injection reverses learning and memory deficits in a rat model of vascular dementia, Neuronal oxidative stress in acute ischemic stroke: sources and contribution to cell injury, Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Collaboration. Fosberg & Renvoize, Fl. Figure 4. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. It is also the molecular basis of important pathophysiological processes involved in immune responses and inflammation. The carbamoyl group on cysteine was designated as a fixed modification, and the oxidation on methionine was designated as a variable modification. It was found that the escape latency decreased significantly during training (F = 33.43, p < 0.01) and there was a significant difference among the groups (F = 5.38, p < 0.01). Djibouti, Studies have shown that CD34 is abnormally expressed during inflammation, especially in chronic inflammatory diseases (Blanchet et al. Gao et al. Moçamb. The main components of PGs are caffeic acid, phenylethanin, and glycosyl groups. Additionally, CD34-positive cells (CD34+) have been recognised to play a role in the maintenance of microvasculature. Sri Lanka, Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Avicennia marina subsp. The taxonomic placement of Avicennia is contentious. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 629 (1949). alba (Blume) Bakh. In HSC; Community W (321.0 ha) Predominantly on quaternary alluvium of the Hawkesbury River and larger tributaries in HSC. In contrast, in the marinoid J group, PKCδ, PKC, and adenosyl cyclase were downregulated. Oman, Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Plant Material: The fruit of healthy Avicennia . The main experimental steps were as follows. Distribution of gene ontology secondary markers for DEPs in the VD group. These results indicate that marinoid J may exert protective effects by increasing the expression of ACE to inhibit neuronal apoptosis. Marinoid J, a phenylglycoside from Avice .... https://doi.org/10.1080/13880209.2020.1837187. 2004) used two-dimensional combined with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time of flight analysis to determine that the expression levels of HSP70, HAP27, HAP90, platelet-activating factor receptor, β-actin, and guanylate cyclase were increased in the ischaemic rat brain. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Gulf States, Ceylon 4: 127 (1983) (very full synonymy and description etc.). Vierh. Compared with that of the VD group, the escape latencies of marinoid J groups (i.e., low dose and high dose) were significantly shortened. The high-dose and low-dose groups were intragastrically administered marinoid J at 500 and 125 mg/kg/d, respectively, for dose selection, we refer to some work of others (Bag et al. Philippines, Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Socotra, Maluku, Saudi Arabia: 494 (1985). (Acanthaceae) is used as a Chinese herb. Proteomics can be used for large-scale studies of proteins at the structural and functional levels to obtain a global view of cellular metabolism, disease development, and other processes. California county polygons can … New Caledonia, Dispersal in Avicennia marina was related to attributes of the propagules and their response to environmental conditions. Avicennia marina var. This species has three varieties, with significant genetic mixing where their distribution overlaps. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 vs. VD group. Otherwise, data were analysed by one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey’s post hoc test. Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 581, fig. Currently, the effects of PGs from Avicennia marina fruits on VD have not been reported. ); witseebasboom (Afr. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Larvae of Autoba alabastrata feed on mature fruit by boring into the fruit and eating the fruit’s embryo. Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Functional protein-type annotation, functional-type enrichment, and KEGG analysis of these DEPs revealed that marinoid J upregulated the expression of ACE while downregulating the expression of PKCδ proteins, which correlated with amelioration of VD-induced oxidative stress, apoptosis of hippocampal CA1 neurons, and cognitive deficits. Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and forms closely resembling other species. Flora Zambesiaca. (2005). After completion of all training and testing in the MWM, the rats were anaesthetised, their brains were harvested and placed in a 4% paraformaldehyde solution, and paraffin blocks were prepared by dehydration and waxing via conventional steps to prepare sections of brain tissue. Peptides were loaded onto an EASY-n LC 1000 Ultra High Liquid Phase System maintaining a flow rate of 800 nL/min. Seed large, compressed, germinating within the fruit while still on the tree Seed large, compressed, germinating within the fruit while still on ... Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Diniz. To evaluate the neural-specific effects of marinoid J in rats, we performed histopathological examination of the hippocampal CA1 region in the rat brain; the results are shown in Figure 3. Reise Mossambique 6 , part 1: 266 (1861). Based on behavioural and histopathological studies, we found that marinoid J significantly ameliorated learning and memory deficits and reduced neuronal damage in VD rats, which is consistent with findings from previous reports. Studies have shown that PGs are efficacious in the treatment of neurological diseases. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that marinoid J promoted the survival of hippocampal neurons in VD rats. PGs were subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography with CHCl3–MeOH (1:1) and were then separated via HPLC using mixtures of MeOH–H2O (45:55) to isolate marinoid J (Figure 1). *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 vs. VD group. Fl. The pathogenesis of VD is a complicated process, and conventional research methods have not been able to fully elucidate its many components. Avicennia exhibits cryptovivipary, in which the embryo emerges from the seed coat but remains in the fruit before falling from the parent plant. exhibits crytovivipary, in which the embryo germinates within the fruit but does not enlarge sufficiently to break through the fruit wall. Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. For example, previous research (Wang et al. australasica shrublands, scrubs, woodlands and forests, Aegiceras corniculatum shrublands and scrubs, Ceriops tagal var. These results indicate that marinoid J could reduce oxidative stress in the brains of VD rats. PGs are a type of glycosidic compound consisting of caffeic acid, phenylethanin, and glycosyl, and they are widely found in the roots, bark, and leaves of some dicotyledons. Madagascar, The three subspecies are shown: Avicennia marina subsp. Second, for protein alkylation and enzymatic digestion, the extracted protein (100 μg) in lysis buffer was adjusted to a final volume of 100 μL. (2014) found that Avicennia marina contains alkaloids, aromatic lipids, phenylethanoid glycosides (PGs), and other compounds. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Common Name Black Mangrove The origins of the term “mangrove” are disputed among The invention relates to a processing technique of avicennia marina fruits. 2. Aldabra: 219, fig. In the present study, marinoid J was obtained by separating and purifying it from the fruits of Avicennia marina. : 1-434. Trypsin was added at a ratio of 1:50 and digested at 37 °C for 16 h. Then, trypsin was added again at a ratio of 1:100, digestion was continued for another 4 h, and the supernatant was collected for analysis of digested peptides. Hist. Thailand, Individual flowers are protandrous and open for 2-5 days, while a flower cluster has open flowers for 2-4 weeks. Family Acanthaceae. Vierh. 2009). As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. 2018). Plants like Avicennia alba Blume (a variant to A. marina), A. marina, A. nitida and A. officinalis are reported to have been widely used against treatment of many diseases which are documented and presented in Table 2. The fruits of Avicennia marina were smashed and immersed in 95% ethanol, the extract was concentrated and dried, and the macroporous adsorption resin and carbon-18 reversed-phase silica gel were used to isolate and purify PGs. 2013; Chen et al. (Acanthaceae) is used as a Chinese herb. Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. Fruits with germinating seeds may float in salt water for 5 months without losing their viability. Taiwan, The mass tolerance of the precursor ion was set to 20 ppm in the first search and 5 ppm in the main search, and the mass tolerance of the fragment ion was set to 0.02 Da. Brenan, Check-list For. 1 . The fruits were collected in new polythene bags and surface sterilized with 1% mercuric chloride … After the MS data were searched, the quantitative proteins were screened based on analyzable proteins, and a protein-change ratio ≥1.2-fold between groups was set, and proteins with p < 0.05 were identified as differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Find Avicennia Marina Fruit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1 (1973). Thus, pharmacological manipulation of marinoid J may offer a novel opportunity for VD treatment. In the VD group, 34 DEPs were involved in binding, catalytic activity, and other processes (Figure 5). Nesogenaceae, M.A. The bilateral common carotid arteries were separated from the vagus nerve and ligated with a 4-0 surgical suture. Conhec. Queensland, SOD activity, GSH-Px activity, MDA content, and NO content were determined according to the instructions of each corresponding kit as previously reported (Li et al. Tanzania, 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The secondary MS scan started at 100 m/z with a resolution of 35,000. p. 803 (1962). For example, glycosides from Cistanche deserticola Y.C. Leaves have a silvery-gray under surface and a pointed tip. Our present study had some limitations. Of estuarine areas D ) in the treatment of abscesses and diarrhoea ( Shao et al, a... Cooktown in 1770 //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of seed Plants 1 1! Days of adaptive feeding of action for proteomic analysis, we performed gene ontology secondary markers for in! 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